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Future of the West: Less Snow, More Drought?

March 7, 2014

California’s current drought could possibly be the worst in modern times. In response to this water crisis, California’s Governor, Jerry Brown, signed legislation last weekend to provide $687 million in drought relief. In addition to providing immediate relief, the legislation is also targeted at efforts to make more water available in the future through storm water recapturing, expanding the use of recycled water, better management of groundwater storage, and water conservation measures. It also includes a program to deal with contaminated groundwater, which will increase water availability.

Articles in the LA Times and Reuters provide further details on the California legislation.

Like our neighbor to the south, agriculture plays a large role in Oregon’s and Washington’s economies. While this is by no means the first time California has seen drought, climate change models predict a continuous decrease in winter snow pack throughout the west, which means less water is available to use during the summer, when demands are highest. The Oregon Climate Change Research Institute recently released a report on the impacts of climate change in the Northwest, which can be found here. That report indicates that “as snow accumulation diminishes, spring peak flows shift earlier, winter flow increases, and late-summer flow decreases,” meaning that “dry years are drier everywhere.” Decreased snowpack and increased drought will inevitably impact agriculture and other water resource users.

To address these concerns, Oregon’s legislature passed SB 839 in 2013. This bill, which I spoke about at Dunn Carney’s Ag Summit in January, provides funding for water supply development. If you have questions about this bill and what opportunities it might provide, please do not hesitate to contact me at kmoore@dunncarney.com.

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